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What Does TAA Compliance Mean? Blog Feature
Stephanie Hagan

By: Stephanie Hagan on July 13th, 2022

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What Does TAA Compliance Mean?

GSA Schedule | Government | 9 Min Read

As a GSA Schedule contractor, there are a few pre-requisites you need to follow before you can begin preparing your GSA Schedule proposal that also continue throughout the life of your contract. One of the qualifications you need is to make sure you are complying with is the Trade Agreements Act (TAA). In order to maintain TAA compliance with your GSA Multiple Award Schedule (MAS) contract, you must agree each “final product” you sell will have been “substantially transformed” in the United States or in a signatory country designated by the TAA, throughout the entirety of your contract term.

While it may sound complicated, you just need to make sure you fully understand what TAA compliance means and how you can abide by the rules. Here's what you need to know. 

Table of Contents:

What Does TAA Compliance Mean?

TAA compliance simply means the “final products” you sell through your GSA Schedule as a product manufacturer or GSA reseller cannot be made in certain countries including, but not limited to:

  • China
  • India
  • Indonesia 
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Malaysia
  • Pakistan
  • Russia
  • Sri Lanka

In other words, the products you sell through your GSA contract must be:

  1. Articles that are wholly the growth, product, or manufacture of the U.S. or a designated country, or
  2. Articles that are "substantially transformed" in the U.S. or a designated country into a new and different article of commerce with a name, character, or use distinct from that of the article or articles from which it was transformed.

We get a lot of questions about what "substantially transformed" means. GSA defines "substantially transformed" as a product that has become a new and different commerce article in terms of name, character, or use. However, the definition can still get tricky for some contractors. We suggest if you have any questions about whether your products pass the TAA compliance check, you ask your consultant or refer to the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 52.225-5 on Trade Agreements. We are of course always here to help answer any of your questions on TAA

What Countries Are TAA Compliant?

We have talked about what countries you can't have final products made in, but what countries are considered TAA compliant? 

Designated countries that are TAA compliant include:

  • World Trade Organization Government Procurement Agreement Countries
  • Free Trade Agreement Countries
  • Least Developed Countries
  • Caribbean Basin Countries

Here's a list of all the countries by category: 

World Trade Organization Government Procurement Agreement Countries

  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Republic of Korea
  • Latvia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Moldova
  • Montenegro
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom

Free Trade Agreement Countries

  • Australia
  • Bahrain
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Dominican Republic
  • El Salvador
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Republic of Korea
  • Mexico
  • Morocco
  • Nicaragua
  • Oman
  • Panama
  • Peru
  • Singapore

Least Developed Countries

  • Afghanistan
  • Angola
  • Bangladesh
  • Benin
  • Bhutan
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Comoros
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Djibouti
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Gambia
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Haiti
  • Kiribati
  • Laos
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Mozambique
  • Nepal
  • Niger
  • Rwanda
  • Samoa
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Sudan
  • Tanzania
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Vanuatu
  • Yemen
  • Zambia

Caribbean Basin Countries

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Aruba
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Bonaire
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Curacao
  • Dominica
  • Grenada
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Jamaica
  • Montserrat
  • Saba
  • St. Kitts and Nevis
  • St. Lucia
  • St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Sint Eustatius
  • Sint Maarten
  • Trinidad and Tobago

Although it's rare, the list does change from time to time, so you should make a practice of checking it annually or each time you add new products. You can find the full list of TAA compliant countries here

Why You Should Be TAA Compliant

The Trade Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. & 2501-2581) of 1979 was enacted to foster fair and open international trade, but more importantly, it implemented the requirement the U.S. government may acquire only U.S. made or designated end products. This means specifically that GSA must only acquire U.S. made and/or TAA compliant products while under the MAS program. This requirement has still has left many GSA contract holders confused on its true meaning. 

Tips for Successful TAA Compliance

To truly understand what it means to be TAA compliant and ensure that you are following this crucial regulation, it's essential you as a MAS contract holder review our 10 strategies outlined below:

  1. It's essential for MAS contract holders to pick the right manufacturer for their products. Companies such as China, India, Russia and Malaysia, violate TAA compliance and thus violate their GSA contract. 
  2. Communication between partners is critical for maintaining a good relationship within the company, allowing for responsibility to be shared throughout the managerial oversight on the company’s function.
  3. Ensure proper documentation, which includes supplier agreements as well as a letter of supply agreement.
  4. Correct documentation of the country of origin is vital, including origin markings, most current country of origin and the correct country of origin (COO) code.
  5. Detailed inventory is a must, including sample products, product markings, and product matching.
  6. Maintenance, both internal and external: Companies have to be proactive with their MAS contract, by participating in activities such as product market sampling and training on a regular basis.
  7. Monitor U.S. customs and border protection information, which can be found on the CROSS website.
  8. As a MAS contract holder, you must research any compliance issue with the TAA should you notice one – allowing you to ultimately remove the issue.
  9. If you have done significant sales with a non-TAA compliant country it is necessary to seek professional help.
  10. As a MAS contract holder, if you become unsure about any aspect of TAA compliance it is imperative to get advice from a professional, who can guide you through the problems of non-compliance. 

Do You Still Have Questions About TAA Compliance?

It's important to remember that it's your responsibility to ensure your product information is accurately incorporated into your GSA contract and displayed on GSA Advantage! throughout the life of your contract. It's good practice to routinely review the country of origin of products offered on your GSA contract, because sometimes manufacturers change their manufacturing points. If you find out that a country of origin has changed for a product, you should make sure you update your GSA Advantage! to reflect the changes.

If you want to learn more about the technical requirements surrounding TAA, check out Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 52.225-5 Trade Agreements.

We know GSA contractors have to keep up with a lot of rules and regulations throughout the life of their contract. For more questions, advice, and guidance concerning TAA compliance and noncompliance, contact Winvale for professional services in accelerating your governmental opportunities.

TAA Compliant Country List


About Stephanie Hagan

Stephanie Hagan is the Training and Communications Manager for Winvale. Stephanie grew up in Sarasota, Florida, and earned her Bachelor's of Arts in Journalism and Rhetoric/Communications from the University of Richmond.